Since you are here, it is safe to say that you know something about Tanzania. However,
we feel it is appropriate that the essential facts about the country are reproduced
Tanzania is an East African country. It is the largest country in this part of the
continent. To the east is the Indian Ocean and north of Tanzania are the countries
of Kenya and Uganda.
On the western border of Tanzania you find four countries which (from the north)
are Rwanda, Burundi, Democratic Republic of Congo (formerly Zaire) and Zambia.
On its southern border there is Malawi and Mozambique (see map below)
Tanzania is a relatively large country covering an area of 364,900 square miles (945,087
km). Along its borders are three of the continent’s and, indeed, the world’s largest
lakes, namely Victoria, Tanganyika and Nyasa.
Lake Victoria, the largest fresh water lake in the world is shared with Kenya and
Uganda. Tanzania has only a small portion of Lake Nyasa, the largest part belonging
to Malawi (where the lake is also known as Lake Malawi).
Tanzania is also the home of Mount Kilimanjaro and the Ngorongoro crater, both situated
in the north eastern part of the country.
The population of Tanzania has grown from just over 10 million people at the time
of independence in 1961 to almost 40 million (estimates for 2008). It is a young
population with almost 50% of the population being under 15 years of age. The annual
population growth rate estimate as of 2009 was 2.04%.
Over 75% of the population live in rural areas and are largely subsistence farmers.
Some tribes, like the Maasai are mainly pastoralists. Despite being a large country
(it is the 31st largest country in the world), most of the land is semi-arid, making
it unsuitable for agriculture. In fact, a large part of central Tanzania is uninhabited
because of the climate and lack of water sources. This and the lack of economic opportunities
in rural areas have led to a fast rate of urbanisation, estimated to be about 4.2%